With WME’s acquisition of sports behemoth IMG on Wednesday, the Hollywood agency landscape has undergone a seismic change overnight — one that catapults the No. 2 talent representative past its rival CAA to become the largest in the industry.
The combined forces of WME (focused on Hollywood talent deals) and IMG (the largest sports agency in the world) creates the largest agency on the sports and entertainment landscape when measured by annual revenue and number of employees.
But at what cost?
Like Endeavor’s 2009 takeover of William Morris, this is the minnow swallowing the whale — only more so. WME paid $2.4 billion for IMG, far more than either agency is worth.
When private equity firm TPG Capital invested $350 million in CAA in 2010, it valued the agency at more than $1 billion.
Media reports put CAA’s revenues at about $300 million in 2010, and it has grown significantly since then. WME’s current annual revenue falls shy of that, but not if you factor in IMG’s annual revenue, which is north of $1 billion.
In the area where the two agencies compete head to head – the entertainment industry — CAA remains dominant, with more major stars and talent in its stable than WME. CAA also surpasses IMG in negotiating athletes on-field deals, an area where Forbes recently ranked them first by a wide margin.
Yet IMG is dominant in marketing and licensing deals for college sports, where CAA does not compete. It also has a robust business in sports television production, event management and fashion.
The combined WME-IMG will have more than 3,000 employees in cities around the world, compared with CAA’s 1,500.
To carry the biggest stick on the block, WME’s Ari Emanuel has had to borrow an estimated $1 billion, leveraging the company in a way that will have huge ramifications for its agents and clients.
Much of the new company’s annual cash flow will need to go to servicing that debt, meaning WME may have to divert money it makes representing Christopher Nolan and The Rock to finance the deal.
“They get one day to thump their chest, but they paid a lot for the privilege of thumping their chest,” a prominent industry executive told TheWrap.
Debt of that magnitude will exert tremendous pressure on WME’s other businesses, namely its entertainment divisions.
“There will be a lot of partners and agents who are going to make a lot less money,” the individual said. “Some will wrap their head around getting equity in a bigger thing and decide it’s a good trade. But there will be a lot of people who make less for a long period of time.”
Some senior agents will have to decide whether they want to be agents or executives at a media company. Talent representation constitutes less then 10 percent of IMG’s business, and while WME says the two businesses will remain separate for now, some WME agents will certainly move over to IMG.
And while IMG is still growing, most consider it a mature company.
It may all be worth it to an ambitious builder who has been so focused on beating CAA that he wallpapered the Century City mall with a mocking message earlier this year. Emanuel and his partner Patrick Whitesell have been locked in an arms race with CAA since the merger of Williams Morris and Endeavor in 2009.
“From WME’s perspective, it’s hard to grow beyond just an agency,” an executive familiar with IMG’s books told TheWrap. “IMG is an opportunity to get global in terms of scale and relevance. The challenging part is attention could be diverted from the core business. They have never run businesses like this.”