The movie is based on historian Doris Kearns Goodwin's bestselling biography, "Team of Rivals." Tony Kushner wrote the screenplay.
Strathairn won an Emmy for HBO's "Temple Grandin" and was nominated for an Academy Award for "Good Night and Good Luck."
He stars in the upcoming "The Whistleblower," opposite Rachel Weisz and co-starred opposite Matt Damon in "The Bourne Ultimatum."
"Lincoln" begins filming this fall in Virginia. It is expected to be released through Disney's Touchstone in the fourth quarter of 2012.
Spielberg and Kathleen Kennedy are producing.