The Oscar nominations are hard to keep up with, even for those of us who try, and every year brings surprise nominations, unthinkable snubs and a series of films that, darn it, we haven't all been able to catch up with. Watching all the feature films nominated at the 92nd Academy Awards is a time-consuming task, and mainlining all these movies doesn't always paint a clear picture of what the Academy actually likes. A few of these nominees are practically inexplicable. Quite a few of the nominees are technically impressive but thematically empty (or troublesome). Some are merely mediocre, except for that one incredible, Oscar-worthy element. And, mercifully, quite a few others are truly brilliant from beginning to end.
38. "The Lion King"
Nomination: Best Visual Effects
Jon Favreau's remake of the animated classic "The Lion King" offers uncannily realistic CG-animation, but at the sacrifice of the entire story. The animated cast is stiff and unemotional, robbing the tragedy of its power, and the staging denies even the film's zippiest musical number its power to captivate. The temptation to give "The Lion King" bonus points for technical wizardry fades quickly, and all that remains is a tedious, lifeless remake with no new take on the material.
37. "Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker"
Nominations: Best Original Score, Best Sound Editing, Best Visual Effects
The (allegedly) final installment in the official "Star Wars" saga is an overstuffed mess that bends over backwards (and breaks) to hastily rewrite backstories and then bring them to an epic conclusion, even though the frantic pacing and half-developed storylines had no opportunity to take hold, let alone resonate. A few memorable moments and characters can't compensate for the slapdash editing, underdeveloped character arcs and seemingly important moments that, instead, read as merely laughable.
36. "Maleficent: Mistress of Evil"
Nominations: Best Makeup and Hairstyling
Aggressively silly but, at least, somewhat aware of its camp value, "Maleficent: Mistress of Evil" finds Angelina Jolie returning to her iconic role. Unfortunately she's written out of significant chunks of the movie, forcing the preposterous storyline (involving faery-poisoning flowers and, in the film's most baffling moment, its pipe organ delivery system) to struggle, and fail, to capture our imagination without her. Michelle Pfeiffer, as the villainous queen, appears to be having fun, and the scene where she and Jolie trade catty barbs over a dinner table is an undeniable highlight.
35. "Once Upon a Time in... Hollywood"
Nominations: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Supporting Actor, Best Original Screenplay, Best Sound Editing, Best Sound Mixing, Best Production Design, Best Cinematography, Best Costume Design
Sometimes movies are less than the sum of their parts, and Quentin Tarantino's "Once Upon a Time...in Hollywood" is one of them. Masterful production design and memorable performances can't prevent the film from feeling like a shiftless tourist attraction featuring Tarantino's favorite 1960s obsessions. The film's unapologetic adoration of male artists who put women in danger -- those men, in the film's ugly climax, are given a contrived excuse to indulge in their violence and get celebrated for it -- comes across as unintentionally disturbing. Impressive in fits and starts, "Once Upon a Time" ultimately seems misguided, mean-spirited and immature.
34. "Richard Jewell"
Nomination: Best Supporting Actress
In many respects, "Richard Jewell," Clint Eastwood's down-to-earth biopic about a man who stopped a terrorist bombing only to be falsely accused of the crime, is a smart and finely acted drama. Paul Walter Hauser brings depth and sympathy to a man who otherwise could have seem merely naive, and Oscar-nominee Kathy Bates is captivatingly dignified in undignified situations. Unfortunately, the film's entire raison d'être -- to expose and decry character assassination in the media -- is undermined by the arch and two-dimensionally villainous portrayal of reporter Kathy Scruggs (Olivia Wilde). Eastwood's movie turns into the very thing it rails against.
Hilary Bronwyn Gayle/Lionsgate
Nominations: Best Actress, Best Supporting Actress, Best Makeup and Hairstyling
Jay Roach's exposé of the sexual harassment claims at Fox News boasts impeccable makeup and excellent performances by Charlize Theron (as Megyn Kelly), John Lithgow (as Roger Ailes) and Margot Robbie (as a composite character based on multiple real-life Fox News employees). But from the outset, the film struggles to find a meaningful perspective, asking the audience to detest Fox News while simultaneously sympathizing with its figureheads. Either Roach's film is trying to humanize Fox News for audience members who don't respect the network, or to attract Fox News fans and then undermine their faith in the network. "Bombshell" doesn't seem to function either way.
32. "Frozen II"
Nomination: Best Original Song
The follow-up to Disney's breakout smash "Frozen" has the same characters but little of the subversive charm and only one memorable musical number. ("Lost in the Woods," which isn't even nominated.) "Frozen II" sends the ensemble into a mystical forest, where two feuding factions have been trapped for a generation, and where Elsa (Idina Menzel) learns the truth behind her identity. It's certainly better than last year's other disappointing and underdeveloped Disney sequel (*cough* "The Rise of Skywalker" *cough*), and some of the animation is eye-poppingly beautiful, but it never presents a convincing argument for why this chapter of the story needed to be told (apart from the money, of course).
Allen Fraser/20th Century Fox
Nomination: Best Original Song
Roxann Dawson's adaptation of the memoir "The Impossible" is a modest but effective melodrama about a teenage boy who falls into a frozen lake, was underwater for 15 minutes and miraculously survived. Anchored by a strong performance by Chrissy Metz, and a fine supporting turn by Topher Grace as the family's young pastor, "Breakthrough" is one of the strongest faith-based dramas to emerge in recent years, but one's mileage may vary depending upon personal beliefs.
30. "How to Train Your Dragon: The Hidden World"
Nomination: Best Animated Feature
The third and, by far, the least interesting installment of Dean DeBlois' "How to Train Your Dragon" series finally answers the question of why there used to be dragons in the world and why there aren't any now. But after the triumphant and dramatically intense conclusion to "How to Train Your Dragon 2," "The Hidden World" doesn't make much of an impact. It's another entertaining feature, but it's pulling all of its emotional punches, and so this formerly exceptional franchise ends with a weary sigh instead of a mighty roar.
Nominations: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Score, Best Sound Editing, Best Sound Mixing, Best Cinematography, Best Makeup and Hairstyling, Best Costume Design, Best Film Editing
Perhaps the most remarkable thing about Todd Phillips' take on the DC supervillain "Joker" is how unremarkable it is. Aside from Joaquin Phoenix's all-or-nothing performance, "Joker" is a loving pastiche to the films of Martin Scorsese -- "King of Comedy," in particular -- but it has little to add to Scorsese's perspective on captivating antiheroes. Phillips' film portrays Arthur Fleck, soon to be a costumed murderer, as a victim of a failed social system but never ventures deeper into how that system works, or even what made Scorsese's approach so radical. The seriousness of "Joker" is all window-dressing, like a C+ term paper submitted in a fancy binder. But taken strictly as a supervillain origin story, it's a mostly satisfying genre movie.
Nominations: Best Actress, Best Original Song
It's hard to believe that there had never been a major motion picture made about Harriet Tubman before Kasi Lemmons' biopic. Perhaps that's why the film feels conventional; it's the old-fashioned, slick and fawning production Tubman probably should have received years ago. Cynthia Erivo delivers a forceful performance, only occasionally hindered by arch writing, and Lemmons' take on Tubman as a slightly larger-than-life folk hero -- who essentially has her own superpowers -- is a bit simplistic but effectively rousing.
27. "Toy Story 4"
Nominations: Best Animated Feature, Best Original Song
Ambitious but undercooked, "Toy Story 4" finds Woody (Tom Hanks) on an all-new adventure with an all-new toy, Forky (Tony Hale), a spork who doesn't understand how he came to life or why he's supposed to act like a toy. Kudos to Pixar for finally addressing some of the weirder elements of the "Toy Story" franchise, and for a well-intentioned subplot about disabled toys trying to be loved, but it's too easy to interpret the themes of "Toy Story 4" in unsettling ways for the film to live up to its nuanced predecessors. Woody genuinely seems to be denying Forky his right to his own identity, and in most films Woody would learn a valuable lesson about letting other people be who they are, but instead the film argues the best thing Forky can be is defined by someone else's expectations.
26. "Ad Astra"
Nominations: Best Sound Mixing
James Gray's expensive art-house sci-fi spectacle plays like "Apocalypse Now" meets "2001: A Space Odyssey," without the extreme innovation that came with either of those classic films. Still, the story of an astronaut (Brad Pitt) who ventures to the edge of the solar system to contact and then retrieve his missing father is an impressively slick production, filled with astounding imagery and unexpectedly pulpy action sequences. At its best, "Ad Astra" is a rarefied space opera. At its worst, it's an overly languid, albeit stunning VFX showcase.
25. "I Lost My Body"
Nomination: Best Animated Feature
A severed hand squirms its way across the city, trying to reconnect with the rest of its body in an animated film unlike anything else in theaters in 2019. Those bizarre and distinctive sequences show "I Lost My Body" at its finest, but it's also a somewhat familiar and oddly conceived drama about the young man who will eventually lose his hand, as he stalks a girl he kinda-sorta met while delivering pizzas. About one-third of "I Lost My Body" is absolute genius. The other two-thirds are a more conventional tale, occasionally punctuated by inspired animation and sound design.
24. "The Edge of Democracy"
Nomination: Best Documentary Feature
The swift rise and almost immediate downfall of democracy in Brazil is the subject of a highly informative, deeply unsettling documentary which, for American audiences, offers disturbing and specific parallels to the contemporary political landscape. But most fascinatingly, those parallels aren’t neat and tidy, and aspects of the Brazilian government’s slide into absolute corruption seem to apply to either side of the American political landscape. “The Edge of Democracy” is a eulogy for a country, but although its commentary is valuable, its delivery is often depressive and dreary, which makes the pacing drag and leaves some of the messaging lost in a narrative haze.
Nominations: Best Actress, Best Makeup and Hairstyling
Renée Zellweger delivers a phenomenal performance as Judy Garland, giving some of the last live performances of her career, in an otherwise well-intentioned but unremarkable biopic. Rupert Goold's film tries to explore Garland's early life as a child star, abused by the studio system and addicted to drugs at an extremely early age, and juxtapose that tragedy with the undeniably brilliant but absolutely frayed human being Garland eventually became. Every element of "Judy" seems designed to bolster Zellweger's talent, and succeeds, but at the cost of feeling unnecessarily slight.
22. "The Two Popes"
Nominations: Best Actor, Best Supporting Actor, Best Adapted Screenplay
Jonathan Pryce and Anthony Hopkins star as, respectively, Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI, in a stagy two-hander designed to let two great actors talk about serious issues -- faith, politics, fascism, church scandals -- with witty dialogue and clever asides. Sometimes, "The Two Popes" feels absolutely sublime, with both Pryce and Hopkins at the top of their game, biting into the juicy roles of popes with opposing views. But for all the film's heavy talk, it skirts some of the most pressing issues surrounding the two Popes and the Catholic church, opting instead of let the audience feel good about this friendship rather than experience complicated emotions about the Catholic church's role in horrifying cover-up of sexual abuses.
21. "Les Misérables"
Nomination: Best International Feature
The French submission this year is not another adaptation of Victor Hugo's classic novel, but does take place in the area where he wrote it. Ladj Ly's absorbing drama is about corrupt cops struggling to keep order amidst a variety of complex social tensions. When altercation results in a child being shot, the cops will do whatever it takes to avoid the consequences."Les Misérables" has many structural similarities to Antoine Fuqua's "Training Day," for better and for worse, but the searing conclusion makes up for the familiarity and brings the film's title back into question in a confrontational, troubling and fascinating way.
20. "Marriage Story"
Nominations: Best Picture, Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actress, Best Original Screenplay, Best Original Score
Noah Baumbach's stressful drama about the dissolution of a marriage features nuanced performances from Adam Driver and Scarlett Johansson, as the couple in question, and a series of distinctive and memorable supporting turns from Ray Liotta, Alan Alda and Laura Dern as their opinionated attorneys. Straightforward in its delivery, sometimes subtle in its execution, "Marriage Story" works best as a slice-of-life drama about falling out of love and into a heartless legal system. Sometimes, however, it slides into cloying melodrama and overwrought theatricality, and the unique backdrop of the affluent entertainment industry makes the film sometimes feel alienating when, it seems, its aim is to connect on a universal level.
19. "Corpus Christi"
Nominations: Best International Feature
The Polish Oscar submission is an ethically complicated take on a seemingly Capra-esque story: An ex-con, who's unable to enroll in the seminary, impersonates a priest in a small town and ultimately does more good than harm. On paper, "Corpus Christi" should be a crowd-pleaser: It's filled with love and redemption and mistaken identities and a small-town healed by an outsider with good intentions. But Jan Komasa's feature is also solemn and earnest about its moral, ethical and faith-based questions, and avoids coming to any trite conclusions. It's a smart, absorbing, impressive drama.
18. "A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood"
Nomination: Best Supporting Actor
Marielle Heller's "A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood" isn't a biopic about Fred Rogers, the beloved children's show host. Nor is it even so much a biopic about the film's protagonist, reporter Lloyd Vogel (a fictionalized version of "Esquire" writer Tom Junod). At heart, it's an episode of "Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood" designed specifically for adults, to remind them -- just as Mr. Rogers reminded children every day -- that it's OK to feel what you're feeling, and to be present for and understanding about the other human beings in your life. Unabashedly good-natured but genuinely affecting and sincere, "A Beautiful Day" relies on Tom Hanks' nuanced performance as Rogers. He seems saintly, but pay close attention and you can tell that all his seemingly boundless kindness is, if nothing else, an awful lot of work.
17. "For Sama"
Nomination: Best Documentary Feature
A Syrian journalist makes a documentary about the horrifying air strikes and encroaching Russian war machine in Aleppo. But “For Sama” is not an educational film for the masses, it’s a letter to an infant daughter, from a mother who herself is struggling to decide whether the film is about how her parents tried to stand up for what’s right or how they failed. “For Sama” takes a harrowing large-scale crisis and whittles it down to an intimate family drama, set against a backdrop of death and fear. It’s a gut-punch movie, but its lack of subtlety is wholly justified, its imagery is staggering and disturbing, and its tale is undeniably powerful.
16. "Ford v Ferrari"
Nominations: Best Picture, Best Sound Editing, Best Sound Mixing, Best Editing
James Mangold's finely tuned biopic about automobile designer Carroll Shelby (Matt Damon) and mechanic/race-car driver Ken Miles (Christian Bale), who helped Ford compete against Ferrari at Le Mans, is a slick sports story welded onto a smart drama about talented individuals fighting against conventional corporate marketing mentalities. It's also one of the most positive and healthy portrayals of masculinity in years. Sharply edited and thrilling, "Ford v Ferrari" is just as precisely calibrated and powerful as the cars it lovingly photographs.
Laika Studios / Annapurna Pictures
15. "Missing Link"
Nomination: Best Animated Feature
In many respects "Missing Link" is the slightest film in LAIKA's impressive slate of stop-motion animated films. It's a whimsical adventure about a turn-of-the-century explorer who befriends Bigfoot and tries to bring him to Mount Everest to meet his estranged yeti kinfolk, who learns the importance of friendship along the way, nowhere near as creepy or eccentric as "Coraline," "Paranorman," "The Boxtrolls" or "Kubo and the Two Strings." But that simple, sensitive storyline masks just what a flabbergastingly complicated production "Missing Link" is, with even minor dialogue scenes produced with an eye for incredibly subtle humor and dazzling visual detail. It's one of the most deceptively impressive movies of the year.
Nominations: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay, Best Original Score, Best Sound Editing, Best Sound Mixing, Best Production Design, Best Cinematography, Best Makeup and Hairstyling, Best Visual Effects
Sam Mendes' World War I epic is an overwhelming piece of sensationalist filmmaking, depicting a typical, formulaic men-on-a-mission B-movie storyline as though it was (mostly) one, dynamic, endlessly complicated and breathtaking shot. "1917" seems to be aiming for immersion, and at that it fails miserably: The gimmicky showiness is always on full display, overwhelming our eyes, and evoking first-person video game storytelling throughout the whole journey. (Don't forget to search the shack! It'll solve a puzzle later!) But despite its artificiality and relatively shallow ideas about war, it's a dazzling spectacle, with thrills that most bigger, flashier, more expensive whiz-bang blockbusters couldn't come close to providing in 2019.
13. "Knives Out"
Nomination: Best Original Screenplay
Rian Johnson's ode to all-star Hollywood ensemble flicks of old, and to the grand tradition of Agatha Christie-esque murder mysteries, assembles probably the most impressive cast of the year -- Jamie Lee Curtis! Toni Collette! Michael Shannon! Chris Evans! Don Johnson! More! -- to play rich a-holes who each have a perfectly good motive for killing their family's rich patriarch. And embroiled in the whole shocking mess is the old man's seemingly innocent nurse, played by Ana de Armas, and Daniel Craig's somewhat cartoonish Southern-gentleman detective. Deftly conceived and pointedly written, "Knives Out" is simultaneously old-fashioned and refreshingly relevant to modern issues.
12. "American Factory"
Nomination: Best Documentary Feature
The story of Chinese company Fuyao buying an American factory in Ohio begins as an optimistic drama about bridging divides between cultures and economies, but as “American Factory” progresses, we learn that was just wishful thinking. Steven Bognar and Julia Reichert’s rich, layered and captivating documentary catalogues the way capitalistic motivations completely undermine good intentions, and how the eagerness to solve immediate economic problems can open doors for greater calamities down the road. Sobering, captivating, deeply sad and borderline profound.
Nominations: Best Original Song
Dexter Fletcher's biopic about music legend Elton John hits many of the same beats as other, more conventional stories about real-life performers, but by framing John's life as a glitzy, full-blown, old-fashioned movie musical, "Rocketman" eludes cinematic conventionality by leaning into dynamic artificiality. Taron Egerton goes full tilt as Elton John, singing and dancing and weeping his way through every gigantic moment in the singer's gigantic life, and the fabulous soundtrack, dance numbers and supporting cast keep step with him every inch of the way. "Rocketman" is a delirious delight.
Nominations: Best International Feature, Best Documentary Feature
Tamara Kotevska and Ljubomir Stefanov's "Honeyland" is the first film ever nominated for both Best International Feature and Best Documentary Feature, but it's easy to see why. This sumptuously photographed documentary about Macedonian beekeepers couldn't have told a more beautiful story if it had been fully scripted, and no amount of artificial cinematic finesse could have made it seem more natural. "Honeyland" follows Hatidze Muratova, a rural apiarist whose life is changed by a nomadic family moving in next door and threatening her livelihood. Harrowing, lovely, humane filmmaking.
9. "The Irishman"
Nominations: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Supporting Actor (x2), Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Production Design, Best Cinematography, Best Costume Design, Best Film Editing, Best Visual Effects
Martin Scorsese's epic biopic about mafia hitman Frank Sheeran (Robert De Niro) and his close friendship with, and shocking betrayal of, union legend Jimmy Hoffa (Al Pacino) is as big as any Scorsese film, and not just because it's over three hours long. Revisiting themes he's previously explored in "Mean Streets" and "Goodfellas," but from the perspective of a man nearing the end of his existence, "The Irishman" follows a life of crime all the way into old age, where guilt, shame and ossified behaviors take the ultimate existential toll. Impeccably acted -- albeit through sometimes-impressive, sometimes-distracting CG de-aging effects -- "The Irishman" quickly established itself as one of the most significant films in Scorsese's oeuvre, even though it's hardly the best.
8. "Avengers: Endgame"
Nomination: Best Visual Effects
The grand cinematic experiment that was the Marvel Cinematic Universe doesn't always feel impressive anymore; the studio proved that an interconnected series of characters and franchises was manageable, profitable, and capable of telling interesting, sometimes meaningful stories. But no matter how accustomed we've come to Marvel's unique storytelling style, "Endgame" is an undeniable accomplishment, bringing nearly two dozen blockbuster films together into a single, rousing, sometimes daring conclusion that merges disparate genres, combines seemingly disparate story elements, and concluding in one of the grandest action sequences in blockbuster moviemaking history. It's a miracle that the MCU ever worked. That it could eventually come together in such a beautiful fashion is a legitimate cinematic miracle.
7. "The Cave"
Nomination: Best Documentary Feature
Feras Fayyad’s utterly absorbing documentary, which takes place almost entirely in a retrofitted underground bunker, tells the story of Dr. Amani Ballour, who’s desperately trying to save lives in Syria during the Russian military strikes. Which would be hard enough, given the life-threatening bombings and ever-dwindling medical resources, but she also has to endure lectures about how she, as a woman, shouldn’t be a doctor at all, no matter how many lives she’s saving. “The Cave” captures the nightmare of the Syrian crisis through the lens of familiar office politics and absurd systemic misogyny, and watching Ballour fight until she can fight no more is an impossibly inspirational, daily act of nobility. Multifaceted, engrossing, absolutely invaluable filmmaking on every level.
Sony Pictures Classics
6. "Pain and Glory"
Nominations: Best Actor, Best International Feature
Pedro Almodóvar's semi-autobiographical "Pain and Glory" stars Antonio Banderas as an aging filmmaker, struggling with memories of lost loves and a string of debilitating physical ailments, who reconnects with an estranged former leading man and takes up, seemingly for the hell of it, heroin. Although clearly influenced by Fellini's "8 1/2," Almodóvar's film refrains from self-aggrandizement and seems eager to implode whatever sense of ego the filmmaker has about himself. Playful, sensitive, mournful, "Pain and Glory" gives Banderas one of his finest roles and beautifully avoids all the usual, cloying pitfalls that come with making films about filmmakers, coming to wise conclusions about the way art can be used to treat, explore and share one's most uncomfortable feelings.
5. "The Lighthouse"
Nomination: Best Cinematography
Two salty sea-dogs, alone on a tiny island, hating each other's guts and sneaking off to masturbate and worship a giant lamp at every available opportunity. Say what you will about Robert Eggers' "The Lighthouse," but it's not exactly coasting on formula. Robert Pattinson and Willem Dafoe give wet, musty, gross and captivating performances as the keepers of a lighthouse, while Jarin Blaschke's alarmingly beautiful black-and-white cinematography captures their every nervous tic and hallucinogenic fantasy. Equal parts funny and horrifying, "The Lighthouse" is one of the most distinct artistic visions of 2019, and easily the year's most beautifully photographed motion pictures.
Nomination: Best Animated Feature
Everything about Sergio Pablos's directorial debut feels new and beautiful, from the uncanny hybrid animation style to the storyline, which ostensibly tells the origin of Santa Claus. But you'd never know it from the film's first act, which begins so far afield from any Christmas story we know that we have no idea how "Klaus" is ever going to get there. But then, in a plot that's both impressively complicated and absolutely natural, the legend of Santa comes to life via a combination of capitalistic cynicism and genuine love for mankind. The best animated film of 2019 flew under a lot of radars before its Oscar nomination, but it seems destined to go down as an all-time Christmas classic.
Nominations: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay, Best International Feature, Best Production Design, Best Film Editing
Bong Joon Ho's "Parasite" is a comedy until it's a thriller, and a thriller until it's a tragedy. By running the gamut of cinematic experience, the filmmaker is able to tackle issues of economic disparity more fully than practically any other film in recent memory, keeping the audience perpetually on pins and needles, uncertain of what could possibly come next. A poor family begins conning a rich family into hiring each and every one of them as servants, as they conspire daily against their ignorant employers, but the title doesn't necessarily refer to who you initially think it does. Absolutely vicious, incisive filmmaking, impeccably acted and realized at every level of production.
2. "Jojo Rabbit"
Nominations: Best Picture, Best Supporting Actress, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Production Design, Best Costume Design, Best Film Editing
Joining in the grand tradition of subversive comedies about fascism, à la "The Great Dictator" and "The Producers," Taika Waititi's "Jojo Rabbit" follows a young, true-believer Nazi through the waning days of World War II, when the fog of propaganda begins to lift and young Jojo (Roman Griffith Davis) gradually realizes he's been indoctrinated into an absurd, evil regime. As he begins to interact with a young Jewish girl his mother has been hiding in their crawl spaces, his imaginary friend Adolf Hitler (Waititi) devolves from a lovable father figure into the demonic psychological disease he really is. Dancing precariously on the line between humor and tragedy, "Jojo Rabbit" draws clear parallels between modern political groupthink and the Nazi regime. It's disturbingly topical, fascinatingly conceived, and beautifully performed by a cast that is, amazingly, all in tune with Waititi's eerie vision of World War II Germany.
1. "Little Women"
Nominations: Best Picture, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actress, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Score, Best Costume Design
There had already been three classic adaptations of Louisa May Alcott's "Little Women" before Greta Gerwig got around to it, and yet this new version improves on all of them. Gerwig assembles a perfect cast and reframes each beloved character as the protagonist of their own story, finding dignity within often maligned supporting cast members -- and, within its ostensible protagonist Jo (based loosely on Alcott herself), a greater sense of nuance than ever before. Gerwig's greatest gamble, transforming the narrative into a flashback structure, completely recontextualizes the complex love story at the heart of "Little Women" and applies invaluable emphasis to the creation of "Little Women" itself. Gerwig finds at the heart of Alcott's book a story about women telling stories about women, confronting mainstream rhetoric about gendered storytelling and compromising for the sake of populism. Gerwig's "Little Women" is not just "Little Women"; it's the novel's cultural significance, distilled into a glorious, inspiring, funny, sad, unforgettable motion picture.