The question that looms over every attempt to remake an existing film is a simple one: “What’s the point?”
If a film is good enough to inspire a remake, after all, doesn’t that mean it exists quite nicely on its own, and doesn’t need somebody else trying to do it all over again?
And if the point of the new version is to change things about the original, don’t you run the risk of losing some of the elements that made the first film special?
Director Bart Freundlich, whose remake of Susanne Bier’s 2006 drama “After the Wedding” was the first film to screen on the opening night of this year’s Sundance Film Festival, clearly knows and has thought about those questions.
“Susanne made such a beautiful film,” he said in the Q&A that followed the simultaneous premiere screenings in the Eccles and Ray Theaters, “and I couldn’t see any reason to remake it unless there was a reinvention.”
His reinvention is a simple one, but one with powerful reverberations. In the original, which was nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar, Mads Mikkelsen plays a Danish man who has moved to India to run a struggling orphanage; he’s summoned back to Denmark by a wealthy potential donor, but the plot thickens with family secrets and ulterior motives that shouldn’t be revealed in much detail. Suffice it to say that it’s a triangle of sorts between Mikkelsen, Rolf Lassgard as the rich man and Sidse Babett Knudsen as his wife, with abundant complications.
When Freundlich started thinking about a remake, he said his wife, Julianne Moore, was interested in playing one role, the rich man played by Rolf Lassgard in the original. That change flipped the triangle to two women (Moore and Michelle Williams) and one man (Billy Crudup) – and again for reasons that shouldn’t be spelled out, the gender swap turns “After the Wedding” on its head in many ways.
For Moore, this marks the second festival in less than five month in which she’s appeared in an English-language remake of a foreign-language film. In September, she was in Toronto for the premiere of “Gloria Bell,” Sebastian Lelio’s almost scene-for-scene remake of his 2013 film, with Moore ably stepping into the shoes of the gifted Chilean actress Paulina Garcia.
Freundlich obviously alters “After the Wedding” more than Lelio did to “Gloria” but interestingly, that gender swap is really the only major change, albeit a change that lets the familiar beats play out in a way that feels fresh.
Like Bier’s film, Freundlich’s is quiet and lovely for much of its running time, aided by Mychael Danna’s gentle score and by the understated grace that Williams brings to the role of the seemingly saintly orphanage worker with a few dark secrets of her own.
Moore’s character is a different story, a tightly-wound and hard-charging entrepreneur who can play at being sweet in between screaming fits at her long-suffering assistant.
For the most part, though, the action unfolds slowly and languidly, until suddenly it doesn’t. First we get real fireworks, then we get acting fireworks – and boy are Moore, Williams and Crudup good at delivering those — and then Freundlich struggles to keep things from lurching into melodrama.
He doesn’t always succeed, but on the whole “After the Wedding” is a touching journey through a world where even those with the best intentions leave some wreckage behind, and where forward motion only comes with hard looks into the past.
Its Sundance premiere came more than 20 years after Freundlich first appeared at the festival with his debut film, the 1997 drama “The Myth of Fingerprints.” His new film seems destined to be his best-received film since that one, and to be embraced as the rare remake that honors the original but also finds its own reason for existing.
Every Quentin Tarantino Film Ranked From Worst to Best (Photos)
10. "Once Upon a Time in … Hollywood" (2019)
Sharon Tate (Margot Robbie) is a meaningless footnote in her own life story in Quentin Tarantino’s baffling and insulting ode to 1960s Hollywood. Robbie is criminally underutilized, taking a backseat to a fictional, mediocre actor (Leonardo DiCaprio) and his stunt double (Brad Pitt). They worry about their careers and mock Bruce Lee for two hours, until the film builds to a cruel, misogynistic Manson Family climax that finally reveals the true reason the film exists: to be a shameless self-insert fantasy. “Once Upon a Time” is by far Tarantino’s most immature film, a nonstop nostalgia fetish parade with no demonstrable respect for the real-life tragedies it portrays.
9. "The Hateful Eight" (2015)
Quentin Tarantino’s 70mm one-location parlor mystery is chockablock with excellent performances and his signature, sparkling dialogue. But he seems all too eager to exploit the horrors of hatred and all too reticent to come to any meaningful conclusions about them. The gruesome story follows despicable human beings trapped in a Wild West rest stop. The dynamite ensemble -- Samuel L. Jackson, Kurt Russell, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Bruce Dern, et al -- makes a meal of the screenplay, but all we’re left with is a mean-spirited punchline, which suggest that men can only overcome their racism by finding common ground in misogyny.
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8. "Kill Bill: Vol. 2" (2004)
The second installment of Tarantino’s “Kill Bill” -- which was released theatrically in two parts, so that’s how we’ll review it -- is gutsier than the first, but also less cohesive. The Bride (Uma Thurman) continues her roaring rampage of revenge with increasingly episodic adventures, as she fights her one-eyed nemesis Elle (Daryl Hannah) and Bill’s brother Bud (Michael Madsen). But after the bravura finale of “Vol. 1,” the momentum never picks up again, and we’re stuck watching digressive subplots about menial strip-club maintenance and flimsy excuses for Michael Parks to play multiple roles. A few great battles, a memorable flashback training sequence with the iconic Gordon Liu, and David Carradine’s greatest (albeit short) performance make it worth watching, but it’s hard to deny that Tarantino simply front-loaded his grindhouse homage.
7 1/2. "The Man From Hollywood" from "Four Rooms" (1995)
The oft-overlooked anthology comedy “Four Rooms” features humorous vignettes from Allison Anders, Alexandre Rockwell, Robert Rodriguez and Tarantino. Although the installments are hit-and-miss (Rodriguez’s is the best), Tarantino’s “The Man From Hollywood” is a deft little experiment in suspense. Tim Roth plays a hapless bellboy who’s enlisted to chop off someone’s finger if, as Tarantino himself explains at length, they can’t get a Zippo lighter to ignite 10 times in a row. It’s an awful lot of build-up for a delectably amusing finale, subverting the Hitchcockian concept of cinematic tension in favor of whimsical, unexpected realism.
7. "Death Proof" (2007)
Tarantino and Robert Rodriguez each directed a 1970s throwback for “Grindhouse,” a double-feature event htat also featured trailers by Edgar Wright and Rob Zombie. But unlike Rodriguez’s “Planet Terror,” which is bigger and crazier than its source material, Tarantino’s “Death Proof” accurately re-creates the low-budget, talky aesthetic of films that could only afford to have two cool set pieces. The story of Stuntman Mike (Kurt Russell), a misogynist who kills women with his specially modified car, gets lost in its own dialogue but features one of the greatest car chases ever filmed, with stunt legend Zoe Bell, playing herself, strapped to the hood of a car most of the time. In light of the behind-the-scenes events of “Kill Bill,” which are uncomfortably reminiscent of the events of “Death Proof,” the film ultimately feels more creepy (in a bad way) than thrilling.
6. "Reservoir Dogs" (1992)
Tarantino's first (finished) feature is a heist film where we never see the heist, and instead flash back and forth between the planning stages and the tragic aftermath, where almost everyone is dead and nobody knows who's responsible. Although it's very similar to Ringo Lam's "City on Fire," the film became a statement of purpose for Tarantino, establishing his vision of a criminal underworld full of chatty, violent, macho posturers who aren't nearly as cool, or as bulletproof, as they think they are. Harvey Keitel, Tim Roth, Steve Buscemi and Michael Madsen give iconic performances in this smart, low-budget ensemble thriller.
5. "Django Unchained" (2012)
The Oscar-winning Western takes the racist dialogue Tarantino frequently writes, gives it to horrible people and then lets Jamie Foxx brutally murder them. Foxx plays a freed slave turned bounty hunter who teams up with mentor Dr. King Schulz (Christoph Waltz) to rescue Django's wife, Broomhilda (Kerry Washington), from a monstrously hateful southern dandy, Calvin Candie (Leonardo DiCaprio). The grindhouse story structure helps Tarantino's sprawling saga of violent justice stay focused, and excellent performances help elevate the material further. One of Tarantino's most satisfying films.
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4. "Kill Bill: Vol. 1" (2003)
Uma Thurman's quest for stylish, violent vengeance is filled with fantastic fight choreography, unforgettable set pieces and fascinating characters. Although the story ends on a cliffhanger teasing "Part 2," the film feels impressively complete. It's every awesome 1970s movie mashed together, bound by an infectious love for the medium. Tarantino seems desperate to push every underappreciated genre to its artistic and technical limits, and his love for his source material is infectious.
3. "Inglourious Basterds" (2009)
Tarantino takes a chainsaw to history in this rousing, fascinating World War II drama. Mélanie Laurent stars as the Jewish owner of a movie house in Paris, who plans to assassinate Hitler when he attends the premiere of a new Nazi propaganda film. Meanwhile, Brad Pitt and his ragtag band of Jewish soldiers are taking Nazi scalps behind enemy lines, and the mesmerically evil Hans Landa (Oscar winner Christoph Waltz) tries to play them all for suckers. Unlike the insulting "Once Upon a Time in ... Hollywood," the historical revisionism in "Inglourious Basterds" comes across as empowering, celebrating the heroic power of cinema and giving WWII an unexpectedly cathartic -- though highly implausible -- Hollywood climax.
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2. "Pulp Fiction" (1994)
The second film from Quentin Tarantino solidified the filmmaker's distinctive storytelling style and ushered in a torrential wave of imitators, making films full of fast-talking, pop culture-savvy criminals. "Pulp Fiction" did it best, and this series of interconnected stories (about ill-fated hitmen, an ill-fated boxer, and an ill-fated gangster's wife) doesn't feel like an empty style exercise. Tarantino and co-writer Roger Avery tore away the artifice of genre cinema and forced all the archetypal characters to reveal their previously unexplored humanity. Crime was no longer alluring and mysterious, it was everyday and familiar, and -- surprise! -- we love it that way. "Pulp Fiction" reintroduced the moviegoers to crime cinema.
1. "Jackie Brown" (1997)
Tarantino's films have always been about exposing the hidden depths in seemingly shallow cinema, but when he finally had a story with actual depth -- courtesy of Elmore Leonard, on whose novel "Rum Punch" this was based -- he knew enough to let it ride. Pam Grier gives an all-time great performance as a flight attendant caught between a smuggler, an ATF agent and an amorous bail bondsman. Her chemistry with Oscar nominee Robert Forster is genuine and rich, and Samuel L. Jackson's performance as a criminal who refuses to admit he's not a mastermind is unpredictably memorable. Meanwhile, Tarantino's deft direction lifts the multi-perspective racetrack centerpiece from Stanley Kubrick's "The Killing," infusing Leonard's story with his own distinctive preoccupations. "Jackie Brown" is Tarantino's smartest, his most earnest and -- in a subtle way (rarely the auteur's strong suit) -- his most beautiful film to date.
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Where does ”Once Upon a Time in … Hollywood“ fall among the grindhouse auteur’s films?